Estimated Black Colonial Population in 1750

Colony

 

Blacks

 

Total

 

Percentage Black

Founding Colonies:

             

New Hampshire

 

600

 

27,600

 

2%

Massachusetts

 

4,100

 

188,000

192,100

2%

Rhode Island

 

3,300

 

33,200

36,500

10%

Connecticut

 

3,000

 

111,300

 

3%

New York

 

11,000

 

76,700

 

14%

New Jersey

 

5,400

 

71,400

 

8%

Pennsylvania

 

2,200

 

119,700

 

2%

Delaware

 

1,500

 

28,700

 

5%

Maryland

 

43,500

 

141,100

 

31%

Virginia

 

101,500

 

231,100

 

44%

North Carolina

 

19,800

  

73,000

 

27%

South Carolina

 

39,000

  

64,000

 

61%

Georgia

 

1,000

  

5,200

 

19%

              

SUB-TOTAL

 

236,600

 

1,171,000

 

20%

             

Other Territories:

           
             

East Texas

 

230

 

1,200

 

19%

Florida

 

300

 

2,600

 

12%

Louisiana

 

4,700

 

7,900

 

60%

             

TOTAL

 

241,830

 

1,182,700

 

20%

             
             

Based on data in Jim Potter, "Demographic Development and Family Structure," in Colonial British America

 

Colonial British America:

Essays in the new History of the early modern Era,ed. Jack P. Greene and J. R. Polo (Baltimore, 1985)

 

 

Black Population in North America in 1790

State

Slaves

Free

Total

Maine 

0

536

536

New Hampshire

157

630

787

Vermont

0

269

269

Massachusetts

0

5,369

5,369

Rhode Island

958

3,484

4,442

Connecticut

2,648

2,771

5,419

New York

21,193

4,682

25,875

New Jersey

11,213

2,762

14,185

Pennsylvania

3,707

6,531

10,238

Delaware

8,887

3,899

12,786

Maryland

103,036

8,043

111,079

Virginia

292,627

12,866

305,493

North Carolina

100,783

5,041

105,824

South Carolina

107,094

1,801

108,895

Georgia

29,264

398

29,662

Kentucky

12,430

114

12,544

Tennessee

3,417

361

3,778

        

SUB-TOTAL

697,624

59,557

757,181

       

Florida'

   

500

Louisiana'

21,000

2,200

23,200

Texas'

   

600

California

   

165

TOTAL

718,624

61,757

781,646

  

' Approximate Figure:

  

Source: United States, Bureau of the Census, Negro Population in the United States, 1790-1915 (New York, 1968)

 

the United States,1790-

1915 (New York, 1968)

  

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